Work related expenses for judicial officers are set by the Attorney-General and administered by the Ministry of Justice.
The term “judicial officers” covers the roles listed in section 12B of the Remuneration Authority Act 1977.
Remuneration Authority Act 1977 - NZ Legislation(external link)
Information on the current remuneration for judicial officers is in the following determination:
Judicial Officers Salaries and Allowances (2021/22) Determination 2021(external link)
Current superannuation subsidy
Judicial officers appointed since 1992 participate in a defined contribution scheme, which is set out in the following determination:
Judicial Officers Superannuation Determination 2019(external link)
On retirement, a judicial officer is entitled to receive the proceeds from their retirement savings scheme.
Judicial officers appointed before 1992, and who are members of the Government Superannuation Fund, are entitled to receive defined superannuation benefits under the Judges Scheme of the Government Superannuation Fund Act 1956:
Government Superannuation Fund Act 1956 - NZ Legislation(external link)
The following Acts establish the current system of judicial remuneration:
- Chief Justice, the other Judges of the Supreme Court, the President of the Court of Appeal, the other Judges of the Court of Appeal, the Chief High Court Judge, and the other Judges of the High Court appointed Judges of the Court Martial Appeal Court;
- appointed Judges of the Court Martial Appeal Court;
- Chief District Court Judge, the Principal Family Court Judge, the Principal Youth Court Judge, the Principal Environment Judge, and the other District Court Judges;
- Chief Judge of the Court Martial and the other Judges of the Court Martial;
- Chief Judge of the Employment Court and the other Judges of the Employment Court;
- Chief Judge and the Deputy Chief Judge of the Maori Land Court and the other Judges of the Maori Land Court;
- Associate Judges of the High Court; and the
- Chief Coroner, the Deputy Chief Coroner, and the other Coroners (other than a person who (under section 22(a) of the District Court Act 2016) is a coroner by virtue of holding office as a District Court Judge).
- Constitution Act 1986, Part 4, ss. 23, 24(external link) which contains provisions on the judiciary reflecting the principle of judicial independence which informs the Authority’s determinations on judicial remuneration. In particular the act provides that High Court judges cannot be removed from office except in exceptional circumstances; and that the salary of a High Court Judge cannot be reduced.
- Government Superannuation Fund Act 1956, Parts 4, 5A and 5B, ss. 72(external link) which sets out the superannuation arrangements for judges appointed before 1992.
- Senior Courts Act 2016(external link)
- District Court Act 2016(external link)
- Court Martial Appeals Act 1953(external link)
- Court Martial Act 2007(external link)
- Employment Relations Act 2000(external link)
- Te Ture Whenua Māori Act 1993(external link)
The Authority sets judicial salaries on the basis of the criteria in the Remuneration Authority Act, ss.18, 18A.
Remuneration Authority Act - NZ Legislation(external link)
Review of remuneration
In 2019 the Authority completed a comprehensive review of its approach to the remuneration of the judiciary.
Review of remuneration for judicial officers