Sections 18 and 18A of the Remuneration Authority Act 1977 require the Authority to consider the following criteria when setting remuneration:
For statutory officers, the Authority does this by undertaking annual reviews informed by job evaluation.
The Authority has no mandate to take account of performance in setting remuneration. The expectation is that the individuals appointed to the very senior roles where the Authority sets pay will perform at a high level.
The Authority sets the remuneration of MPs based on the above criteria, using a total package approach. It takes into account benefits such as superannuation, and any personal benefit element in work-related expenses such as travel.
The remuneration for members with additional responsibilities, such as the Prime Minister, Ministers and Leader of the Opposition recognises the extra duties attached to those roles. The remuneration for those positions of additional responsibility does not match either public or private sector remuneration for “similarly responsible” positions. MPs’ salaries are paid under Permanent Legislative Authority. That arrangement allows the salary, allowance and other payments to be paid on a permanent basis, rather than being voted annually by Parliament.
In addition to the above criteria, clause 7 of schedule 7 of the Local Government Act 2002 sets a further requirement on the Authority in setting pay for local government elected members - that is the requirement to minimise the potential for certain types of remuneration to distort behaviour.
The Authority reviews the remuneration of all positions every year, apart from Members of Parliament, whose remuneration is required to be set in advance at the beginning of each Parliamentary term. The Authority is able to change MPs’ remuneration during the term if circumstances change sufficiently to warrant reconsideration.
In its annual reviews, the Authority considers information from a wide range of sources, including:
The Authority normally sets remuneration for a year. Remuneration continues at that level until a new determination is made.
The determinations for work-related expenses for Members of Parliament and former Prime Ministers, such as travel, are reviewed once during each term of Parliament.
The Authority sets remuneration against the most recent remuneration survey information and publicly available economic and labour market data which means that the Authority is a follower rather than a setter of salary trends. On certain occasions the Authority may need to draw on information that is available only after the expiry of a determination. For this reason, any change in remuneration is often backdated to the day after the expiry date of the previous determination.